Government Standards

New South Wales Education Standards

Science - Grade 12

Assessment Exam - NESA Science - Stage 6
Skills eTAP Lesson
Questioning and predicting
Develops and evaluates questions and hypotheses for scientific investigation
Planning investigations
Designs and evaluates investigations in order to obtain primary and secondary data and information
Conducting investigations
Conducts investigations to collect valid and reliable primary and secondary data and information
Processing data and information
Selects and processes appropriate qualitative and quantitative data and information using a range of appropriate media
Analysing data and information
Analyses and evaluates primary and secondary data and information
Problem solving
Solves scientific problems using primary and secondary data, critical thinking skills and scientific processes
Communicates scientific understanding using suitable language and terminology for a specific audience or purpose
Biology eTAP Lesson
Develop knowledge and understanding of the structure and function of organisms
Describes single cells as the basis for all life by analysing and explaining cells’ ultrastructure and biochemical processes
Explains the structure and function of multicellular organisms and describes how the coordinated activities of cells, tissues and organs contribute to macroscopic processes in organisms
Develop knowledge and understanding of the Earth’s biodiversity and the effect of evolution
escribes biological diversity by eExplaining the relationships between a range of organisms in terms of specialisation for selected habitats and evolution of species
Analyses ecosystem dynamics and the interrelationships of organisms within the ecosystem
Develop knowledge and understanding of heredity and genetic technologies
Explains the structures of DNA and analyses the mechanisms of inheritance and how processes of reproduction ensure continuity of species
Explains natural genetic change and the use of genetic technologies to induce genetic change
Develop knowledge and understanding of the effects of disease and disorders
Analyses infectious disease in terms of cause, transmission, management and the organism’s response, including the human immune system
Explains non-infectious disease and disorders and a range of technologies and methods used to assist, control, prevent and treat non-infectious disease
Chemistry eTAP Lesson
Develop knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of chemistry
Explores the properties and trends in the physical, structural and chemical aspects of matter
Describes, applies and quantitatively analyses the mole concept and stoichiometric relationships
Develop knowledge and understanding of the trends and driving forces in chemical interactions
Explores the many different types of chemical reactions, in particular the reactivity of metals, and the factors that affect the rate of chemical reactions
Analyses the energy considerations in the driving force for chemical reactions
Develop knowledge and understanding of equilibrium and acid reactions in chemistry
Explains the characteristics of equilibrium systems, and the factors that affect these systems
Describes, explains and quantitatively analyses acids and bases using contemporary models
Develop knowledge and understanding of the applications of chemistry
Analyses the structure of, and predicts reactions involving, carbon compounds
Describes and evaluates chemical systems used to design and analyse chemical processes
Earth and Environmental Science eTAP Lesson
Develop knowledge and understanding of the Earth’s processes and human impact
Describes the key features of the Earth’s systems, including the geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere and how they are interrelated
Develop knowledge and understanding of the Earth’s systems
Describes the evidence for the theory of plate tectonics and the energy and geological changes that occur at plate boundaries
Develop knowledge and understanding of the Earth’s processes and human impacts
Describes the factors that influence how energy is transferred and transformed in the Earth’s systems
Describes human impact on the Earth in relation to hydrological processes, geological processes and biological changes
Develop knowledge and understanding of the evolving Earth
Describes and evaluates the models that show the structure and development of the Earth over its history
Describes and evaluates the causes of the Earth’s hazards and the ways in which they affect, and are affected by, the Earth's systems
Develop knowledge and understanding of the impacts of living on the Earth
Analyses the natural processes and human influences on the Earth, including the scientific evidence for changes in climate
Describes and assesses renewable and non-renewable Earth resources and how their extraction, use, consumption and disposal affect the Earth’s systems
Investigating Science eTAP Lesson
Develop knowledge and understanding of cause and effect
Identifies that the collection of primary and secondary data initiates scientific investigations
Examines the use of inferences and generalisations in scientific investigations
Develop knowledge and understanding of models, theories and laws
Develops, and engages with, modelling as an aid in predicting and simplifying scientific objects and processes
Describes and assesses how scientific explanations, laws and theories have developed
Develop knowledge and understanding of science and technology
Develops and evaluates the process of undertaking scientific investigations
Describes and explains how science drives the development of technologies
Develop knowledge and understanding of contemporary issues involving science
Uses evidence-based analysis in a scientific investigation to support or refute a hypothesis
Evaluates the implications of ethical, social, economic and political influences on science
Physics eTAP Lesson
Develop knowledge and understanding of fundamental mechanics
Describes and analyses motion in terms of scalar and vector quantities in two dimensions and makes quantitative measurements and calculations for distance, displacement, speed velocity and acceleration
Describes and explains events in terms of Newton’s Laws of Motion, the law of conservation of momentum and the law of conservation of energy
Develop knowledge and understanding of energy
Explains and analyses waves and the transfer of energy by sound, light and thermodynamic principles
Explains and quantitatively analyses electric fields, circuitry and magnetism
Develop knowledge and understanding of advanced mechanics and electromagnetism
Describes and analyses qualitatively and quantitatively circular motion and motion in a gravitational field, in particular, the projectile motion of particles
Explains and analyses the electric and magnetic interactions due to charged particles and currents and evaluates their effect both qualitatively and quantitatively
Develop knowledge and understanding of the role of evidence and prediction in the development of theories in physics
Describes and analyses evidence for the properties of light and evaluates the implications of this evidence for modern theories of physics in the contemporary world
Explains and analyses the evidence supporting the relationship between astronomical events and the nucleosynthesis of atoms and relates these to the development of the current model of the atom
Science Extension eTAP Lesson
Apply the Working Scientifically processes as they are practised by the scientific community
Defines and applies the Working Scientifically processes in relation to scientific research
Develop extensive knowledge and understanding about the development of scientific inquiry and research
Analyses historic and cultural observations, ethical considerations and philosophical arguments involved in the development of science knowledge and scientific methods of inquiry
Develop extensive understanding of the nature of, and the application and processes involved in, modern scientific research
Interrogates relevant and valid peer-reviewed scientific research to develop a scientific research question, hypothesis, proposal and plan
Uses statistical applications, mathematical processes and/or modelling to gather, process, analyse and represent reliable and valid datasets
Analyses and applies the processes used in reliable and valid scientific research to solve complex scientific problems and inform further research
Develop and apply comprehensive knowledge, understanding and skills, to a specific area of science informed by researching, manipulating and analysing primary and secondary-sourced data in relation to relevant publicly available data sets
Analyses and reports on a contemporary issue or an application of science informed by either primary or secondary-sourced data, or both, in relation to relevant publicly available data sets
Develop and apply extensive knowledge, understanding and skills relating to the current methods of communicating scientific ideas through scientific research
Communicates analysis of an argument or conclusion incorporating appropriate scientific language and referencing techniques in a scientific report