Standardized Test Preparation

New York Regents

Earth Science - Grade 9

Assessment Exam - NY Regents Earth and Space Sciences
Space Systems eTAP Lesson
Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the Sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the Sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
The Sun (Earth Science)

Nuclear Fusion in Stars


Fate of Incoming Radiation
Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
The Big Bang Model

The Solar Nebula/Earth's Formation from the Nebula
Communicate scientific ideas about the way stars,over their life cycle, produce elements.
Life Cycle of Stars / The Balance Between Gravitational Collapse and Nuclear Fusion
Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
Where is the Solar System?

Cloud of Dust Theory
Construct an explanation using evidence to support the claim that the phases of the moon, eclipses, tides and seasons change cyclically.
Formation and Origin of the Moon

Evidence for the Existence of Planets Orbiting Other Stars
History of the Earth eTAP Lesson
Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements o fcontinental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
Early Earth

Plate Boundaries
Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Effects of Asteroid Impacts in Shaping the Surface of Planets

Rocks and their Properties
Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
Features of the Ocean Floor

The Internal Structure of the Earth

How Do Earthquakes Happen and Where?

Greenhouse Effect on Mars, Venus
Earth's Systems eTAP Lesson
Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to Earth’s systems.
The Relationship Between the Rotation of the Earth and the Circular Motion of Ocean Currents and Air in Pressure Centers
Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
Circulation Patterns in the Earth's Atmosphere and Oceans
Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Properties of Ocean Water
Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Carbon and Nitrogen Cycle/Global Carbon Cycle

Movement of Matter Among Reservoirs
Construct an argument based on evidence about the coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.
Evolution of the Atmosphere

The Origin and Effects of Temperature Inversion
Weather and Climate eTAP Lesson
Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Weather and Climate

Climate and Topography
Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
How Has Earth's Climate Changed Over Time?
Evaluate data and communicate information to explain how the movement and interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.
Computer Models to Study Greenhouse Effect
Human Sustainability eTAP Lesson
Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climatehave influenced human activity.
Greenhouse Effect on Earth

How to Measure Earthquakes?

Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resourcesbased on cost-benefit ratios.
Internal and External Energy; Energy Budget
Create a computational simulationto illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Geological Regions and Resources
Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems
The Ozone Layer
Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
Location of Deserts and Rain Forests
Engineering Design eTAP Lesson
Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Principal Natural Hazards
Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.
Tools and Technology

Balanced Forces


Two Dimensional Trajectory Problems

Two Dimensional Vectors
Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
Water Supply

Solving Constant Speed and Average Speed Problems
Use a computer simulation to model the impactof proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
Computer Models to Study Greenhouse Effect

Heat Flow and Work