Government Standards

Australian Curriculum

    Social Studies - Grade 10

    Assessment Exam - Australian Curriculum - Level 10 History and Social Sciences
    Historical Knowledge and Understanding eTAP Lesson
    Overview of the modern world and Australia
    The inter-war years between World War I and World War II, including the Treaty of Versailles, the Roaring Twenties and the Great Depression
    Peace at Last

    A Different World

    The Great Depression
    Continuing efforts post-World War II to achieve lasting peace and security in the world, including Australia’s involvement in UN peacekeeping
    Damage Control
    The major movements for rights and freedom in the world and the achievement of independence by former colonies
    The Need for Expansion
    The nature of the Cold War and Australia’s involvement in Cold War and post-Cold War conflicts (Korea, Vietnam, The Gulf Wars, Afghanistan), including the rising influence of Asian nations since the end of the Cold War
    The Cold War
    The nature of the Cold War and Australia’s involvement in Cold War and post-Cold War conflicts (Korea, Vietnam, The Gulf Wars, Afghanistan), including the rising influence of Asian nations since the end of the Cold War
    The Vietnam Era
    World History, Culture, and Geography eTAP Lesson
    The Modern World
    List the principles of the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights (1689), the AmericanDeclaration of Independence (1776), the French Declaration of the Rights of Man andthe Citizen (1789), and the U.S. Bill of Rights (1791).
    Formulating a Plan for Liberty

    Historical Documents
    Historical Knowledge and Understanding eTAP Lesson
    World War II (1939-45)
    Overview of the causes and course of World War II
    The Road to War
    Examination of significant events of World War II, including the Holocaust and use of the atomic bomb
    The War in Europe

    Allied Victories
    Experiences of Australians during World War II (such as Prisoners of War (POWs), the Battle of Britain, Kokoda, the Fall of Singapore)
    The impact of World War II, with a particular emphasis on the Australian home front, including the changing roles of women and use of wartime government controls (conscription, manpower controls, rationing and censorship)
    Wartime America
    The significance of World War II to Australia’s international relationships in the twentieth century, with particular reference to the United Nations, Britain, the USA and Asia
    Global Interdependence
    Rights and freedoms (1945 – the present)
    The origins and significance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, including Australia’s involvement in the development of the declaration
    Recent Political Systems
    Background to the struggle of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples for rights and freedoms before 1965, including the 1938 Day of Mourning and the Stolen Generations
    The US civil rights movement and its influence on Australia
    The Continuing Struggle
    The significance of the following for the civil rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples: 1962 right to vote federally; 1967 Referendum; Reconciliation; Mabo decision; Bringing Them Home Report (the Stolen Generations), the Apology
    Methods used by civil rights activists to achieve change for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, and the role of ONE individual or group in the struggle
    The continuing nature of efforts to secure civil rights and freedoms in Australia and throughout the world, such as the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007)
    Popular culture (1945 – present)
    The nature of popular culture in Australia at the end of World War II, including music, film and sport
    Developments in popular culture in post-war Australia and their impact on society, including the introduction of television and rock ’n’ roll
    Changing nature of the music, film and television industry in Australia during the post-war period, including the influence of overseas developments (such as Hollywood, Bollywood and the animation film industry in China and Japan)
    Australia’s contribution to international popular culture (music, film, television, sport)
    Continuity and change in beliefs and values that have influenced the Australian way of life
    Migration experiences (1945 – present)
    The waves of post-World War II migration to Australia, including the influence of significant world events
    The impact of changing government policies on Australia’s migration patterns, including abolition of the White Australia Policy, ‘Populate or Perish’
    The impact of at least ONE world event or development and its significance for Australia, such as the Vietnam War and Indochinese refugees
    The contribution of migration to Australia’s changing identity as a nation and to its international relationships
    The environment movement (1960s – present)
    The background to environmental awareness, including the nineteenth century National Parks movement in America and Australia
    Contemporary American Issues
    The intensification of environmental effects in the twentieth century as a result of population increase, urbanisation, increasing industrial production and trade
    Analysis of Pollutants
    The growth and influence of the environment movement within Australia and overseas, and developments in ideas about the environment including the concept of ‘sustainability’
    Significant events and campaigns that contributed to popular awareness of environmental issues, such as the campaign to prevent the damming of Australia’s Gordon River, the nuclear accident at Chernobyl and the Jabiluka mine controversy in 1998
    Responses of governments, including the Australian Government, and international organisations to environmental threats since the 1960s, including deforestation and climate change
    Historical Skills eTAP Lesson
    Chronology, terms and concepts
    Use chronological sequencing to demonstrate the relationship between events and developments in different periods and places
    Logical Patterns of Organization
    Use historical terms and concepts
    Connection Between Themes and Historical Periods
    Historical questions and research
    Identify and select different kinds of questions about the past to inform historical inquiry
    Write Historical Investigation Reports
    Evaluate and enhance these questions
    Evaluating Information
    Identify and locate relevant sources, using ICT and other methods
    Analysis and use of sources
    Identify the origin, purpose and context of primary and secondary sources
    Analyzing Historical Accounts
    Process and synthesise information from a range of sources for use as evidence in an historical argument
    Researching an Argument
    Evaluate the reliability and usefulness of primary and secondary sources
    Suitable Research Methods
    Perspectives and interpretations
    Identify and analyse the perspectives of people from the past
    Compare and Contrast Media Coverage of the Same Event
    Identify and analyse different historical interpretations (including their own)
    Deliver Oral Reports on Historical Investigations
    Explanation and communication
    Develop texts, particularly descriptions and discussions that use evidence from a range of sources that are referenced
    Prepare Bibliography Reference Materials
    Select and use a range of communication forms (oral, graphic, written) and digital technologies
    Deliver Expository Presentations
    Geographical Knowledge and Understanding eTAP Lesson
    Environmental change and management
    Human-induced environmental changes that challenge sustainability
    Global Environmental Laws
    Environmental world views of people and their implications for environmental management
    The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ approaches to custodial responsibility and environmental management in different regions of Australia
    Select ONE of the following types of environment as the context for study: land (e.g. forests, deserts, grasslands, farmland), inland water, coast, marine or urban. A comparative study of examples selected from Australia and at least one other country should be included.
    The application of systems thinking to understanding the causes and likely consequences of the environmental change being investigated
    The application of geographical concepts and methods to the management of the environmental change being investigated

    The application of environmental economic and social criteria in evaluating management responses to the change
    Geographies of human wellbeing
    Different ways of measuring and mapping human wellbeing and development, and how these can be applied to measure differences between places
    Reasons for spatial variations between countries in selected indicators of human wellbeing
    Geosphere Pollution Challenges
    Issues affecting development of places and their impact on human wellbeing, drawing on a study from a developing country or region in Africa, South America or the Pacific Islands
    Atmospheric Pollution Challenges
    Reasons for, and consequences of, spatial variations in human wellbeing on a regional scale within India or another country of the Asia region
    Reasons for, and consequences of, spatial variations in human wellbeing in Australia at the local scale
    Features of ENSO
    The role of international and national government and non-government organisations' initiatives in improving human wellbeing in Australia and other countries
    Analysis of Pollutants
    Geographical Inquiry and Skills eTAP Lesson
    Observing, questioning and planning
    Develop geographically significant questions and plan an inquiry that identifies and applies appropriate geographical methodologies and concepts
    Reproductive and Geographic Isolation
    Collecting, recording, evaluating and representing
    Evaluate sources for their reliability, bias and usefulness and select, collect, record and organise relevant geographical data and information, using ethical protocols, from a range of appropriate primary and secondary sources
    Evaluating Information
    Represent multi-variable data in a range of appropriate forms, for example scatter plots, tables, field sketches and annotated diagrams, with and without the use of digital and spatial technologies
    Graphing Data

    Displaying Data
    Represent spatial distribution of geographical phenomena by constructing special purpose maps that conform to cartographic conventions, using spatial technologies as appropriate
    Tools and Technology
    Interpreting, analysing, evaluating
    Interpret and analyse multi-variable data and other geographical information using qualitative and quantitative methods, and digital and spatial technologies as appropriate, to make generalisations and inferences, propose explanations for patterns, trends, relationships and anomalies, and predict outcomes
    Apply geographical concepts to synthesise information from various sources and draw conclusions based on the analysis of data and information, taking into account alternative points of view
    Point of View
    Identify how geographical information systems (GIS) might be used to analyse geographical data and make predictions
    Analysis of Pollutants
    Present findings, arguments and explanations in a range of appropriate communication forms, selected for their effectiveness and to suit audience and purpose; using relevant geographical terminology, and digital technologies as appropriate
    Written Reports and Oral Presentations
    Reflecting and responding
    Reflect on and evaluate findings of an inquiry to propose individual and collective action in response to a contemporary geographical challenge, taking account of environmental, economic, political and social considerations; and explain the predicted outcomes and consequences of their proposal
    Economics and Business Knowledge and Understanding eTAP Lesson
    Economics and Business Knowledge and Understanding
    Indicators of economic performance and how Australia’s economy is performing
    The links between economic performance and living standards, and how and why variations exist within and between economies
    Economic Systems
    The ways that governments manage economic performance to improve living standards
    Managing the Nation’s Economy
    Factors that influence major consumer and financial decisions and the short- and long-term consequences of these decisions
    The Role of Government
    The ways businesses respond to changing economic conditions and improve productivity through organisational management and workforce management
    The Challenge of Prosperity
    Economics and Business Skills eTAP Lesson
    Questioning and research
    Develop questions and hypotheses about an economic or business issue or event, and plan and conduct an investigation
    What Do Economists Do?
    Gather relevant and reliable data and information from a range of digital, online and print sources
    Looking at the Resources
    Interpretation and analysis
    Analyse data and information in different formats to explain cause-and-effect relationships, make predictions and illustrate alternative perspectives
    Scarcity and Choice
    Economic reasoning, decision-making and application
    Generate a range of viable options in response to an economic or business issue or event, use cost-benefit analysis and appropriate criteria to recommend and justify a course of action and predict the potential consequences of the proposed action
    A Look Inside Macroeconomics
    Apply economics and business knowledge, skills and concepts in familiar, new and hypothetical situations
    Economic Specialization
    Communication and reflection
    Present reasoned arguments and evidence-based conclusions in a range of appropriate formats using economics and business conventions, language and concepts
    Structuring Ideas and Arguments
    Reflect on the intended and unintended consequences of economic and business decisions
    Issues in Today’s Global Market

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