|Structure and Properties of Matter||eTAP Lesson|
| Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
Connection Among the Location in the Table, the Atomic Number, and Mass |
Carbon Bonding Characteristics
| Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.
How to Identify Metals, Semimetals, Nonmetals, and Halogens |
How to Identify Alkaline Metals, Alkaline Earth Metals, and Transition Metals
Location and Quantum Electron Configuration
Amino Acids and Proteins
| Develop models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay.
Nuclear Forces |
Energy Release in Nuclear Fusion
Three Common Forms of Radioactive Decay
Quantum Theory - Bohr's Model
| Communicate scientific and technical information about why the particulate-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials.
Lanthanide, Actinide, Transactinide, and Transuranium Elements |
Ionization Energy, Electronegativity, Relative Sizes
Naming of Linear Hydrocarbons and Isomers
| Analyze data to support the claim that the combined gas law describes the relationships among volume, pressure, and temperature for a sample of an ideal gas.
Ideal Gas Law |
Kinetic Theory of Gases
Celsius and Kelvin Scales
| Use evidence to support claims regarding the formation, properties and behaviors of solutions at bulks cales.
Solute and Solvent |
Dissolving Process at the Molecular Level
Chromatography and Distillation
Standard Temperature and Pressure
Concentration and Some Physical Properties
|Chemical Reactions||eTAP Lesson|
| Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
How Many Electrons Can Bond? |
Size and Mass
Mole Theory and Molar Mass
Equilibrium Constant Calculation
| Develop amodel to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.
Covalent, Metallic or Ionic Bonds
Reactant and Product Mass Calculations
| Apply scientific principles and evidence to explain how the rate of a physical or chemical change is affected when conditions are varied.
Chemical Bonds in Molecular Atoms |
Spectral Lines and Electron Transition
Freezing, Evaporating and Melting
| Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.
Percent Yield Calculations in Chemical Reactions |
Einstein's Explanation of the Photoelectric Effect
Concentration, Temperature and Pressure
| Use mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction.
Le Chatelier's Principle |
Descriptions of Chemical Reactions and Writing Chemical Equations
| Plan and conductan investigation to compare properties and behaviors of acids and bases.
Properties of Acids, Bases and Salt Solutions |
How Atoms and Molecules Move in Liquid
Lewis Dot Structure and Molecular Shape
Electronegativity, Ionization, and Bond Formation
| Use evidence to illustrate that some chemical reactions involve the transfer of electrons as an energy conversion occurs within a system.
Oxidation and Reduction |
Rate of Reaction
Van Der Waals Forces
| Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
Heat Flow and Molecule (Atomic) Motion |
Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions
Problems Involving Heat Flow
| Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.
Electrical and Gravitational Potential Energy Problems |
Gibbs Free Energy Equation
Naturally Occurring Isotopes
|Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation||eTAP Lesson|
| Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed bymatter.
Radioactive Substance Calculations
|Matter and Energy in Organisms and Ecosystems||eTAP Lesson|
| Use a model to illustrate how photosynthesis transforms light energy into stored chemical energy.
Energy Pyramid |
Cellular and Molecular Basis of Muscle Contraction
|Engineering Design||eTAP Lesson|
| Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Principal Natural Hazards |
| Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.
Tools and Technology |
Two Dimensional Trajectory Problems
Two Dimensional Vectors
| Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
Water Supply |
Solving Constant Speed and Average Speed Problems
| Use a computer simulation to model the impactof proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
Computer Models to Study Greenhouse Effect |
Heat Flow and Work